The daily stand-up and the daily scrum are similar events, with a common purpose to improve communication between people. There are some differences in origin and context.
The daily scrum
The daily scrum is a meeting for the development team to create a plan for the day. It is not a status update for stakeholders! The product owner has no role in the daily scrum and the scrum master’s accountability is to ensure it happens, only the development team speak and the time-box is respected.
The development team inspect how they are progressing toward the sprint goal and to inspect how progress is trending toward completing the work in the sprint backlog using the three questions as a guide:
- What did I do yesterday that helped the development team meet the sprint goal?
- What will I do today to help the development team meet the sprint goal?
- Do I see any impediment that prevents me or the development team from meeting the sprint goal?
Scrum does not specify which order to talk in and who should go first. As a self-organising unit the development team should decide this. It is an anti-pattern for the scrum master to dictate the pattern of play during the daily scrum.
Scrum does not define when and where the daily scrum should occur. Many teams find that having a consistent time and place where they can see the sprint plan is beneficial.
The scrum master can help encourage autonomy by discouraging team members from talking directly at them, status update style.
The daily stand-up
The daily stand-up is a similar meeting to the daily scrum, without the restrictions & guidance of the Scrum guide. Similarly, the daily stand-up is to check in to see how things are progressing and if anyone needs any help. On an extreme programming team, it can be used to agree pairing arrangements for the day.
The daily stand-up does not need to enforce the 15-minute time box although brevity is encouraged by forcing all participants to stand up.
Finally, it does not need to limit participation to just the development team and may include others such as the product owner talking about their activities for the day to raise transparency and openness. The daily stand-up is a practice which is easily introduced in a business agility transformation.