What is the difference between Scrum and Kanban?

Both Scrum and Kanban are popular agile frameworks used to help teams work together to get things done. They have some subtle differences, which we have summarised below:

Scrum Kanban
 “Scrum is a framework for developing and sustaining complex products”  “Kanban is a method for optimising the flow of valuable work”
Product based: Scrum focusses on building software product. Services based: Kanban focusses on services such as development, test, UX, customer services.
Narrow focus: Scrum isn’t generally used to optimise non-product delivery. Wide focus: Kanban is great at optimising the flow of work in all situations – not just product.
Intense: Scrum has rules – time boxes, ceremonies, roles and so on. Flexible: Kanban focuses on continuous flow – it has principles not rules.
Discipline: Scrum needs discipline – it can be good for less experienced teams Discipline: Kanban needs discipline and experience to apply those principles effectively.
Specific and defined: Scrum is defined in the excellent Scrum Guide. Emerging situations:  Kanban is great at managing emerging and unpredictable situations –like support issues that cannot be predicted.
Use: Scrum is good for optimising stable situations, like digital product development. Systems thinking: Kanban is great at helping eliminate waste beyond project and product teams – up to and including whole organisations.

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